All religions are present in Israel and lay personal claim to the land. [77], Religion in Saudi Arabia is allegedly 100% Muslim. Today the biggest Middle Eastern Greek community resides in Cyprus numbering around 793,000 (2008). They claim that Alevism is the oldest religion in the world, that has changed shapes throughout time. [55] According to most encyclopedias, in the early 21st century there are an estimated 6 to 8 million Baháʼís across the world. The majority of displaced and upset Palestinians are Muslim and the majority of current Israeli citizens are Jewish so establishing the state borders is highly influenced by religion. There is still tension, however, between the Sunnis and the Shias. Our own brain, our own heart is our temple; the philosophy is kindness." The word 'pagan' is a Christian designation from the French meaning a 'rustic,' one who came from the rural … [49], Some of the differences that mark Alevis from mainstream Muslims are the use of cemevi halls rather than mosques; worship ceremonies that feature wine, music and dancing, and where both women and men participate; non-observance of the five daily salat prayers and prostrations (they only bow twice in the presence of their spiritual leader), Ramadan, and the Hajj (considering true pilgrimage to be internal one). Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. In the past, Samaritans used to populate also Egypt and Syria, but their community had almost collapsed by the late 19th century due to religious persecution by radical Islamists. Judaism began in an ancient country called Canaan. [72], Religion in Lebanon is the most unique[clarification needed] in the Middle East, and a mix of religions make up Lebanon, represented by 59% Muslim (Shi'a, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite/Nusayri), 41% Christian (Maronite, Greek Orthodox, Melkite, and Christian churches non-native to Lebanon like Armenian Apostolic Church, Armenian Catholic Church, Chaldean Catholic Church, Roman Catholic Church, Assyrian Church of the East, Armenian Evangelical Church, Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Protestant). Syrian Orthodox number about 1 million in Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon, with the great majority being in Syria. All stated in the Middle East near Israel. In a world where religions plays such a major role in people’s lives, it is not surprising why it is such a major focus in the way choices and decisions are made. Sunni is the largest branch of Islam and dominates most countries in the Middle East. Christian Palestinians face the same oppression as their Muslim compatriots. With this greater freedom of press, the Coptic issue has just begun to break into public awareness, but also due to a minority within both religious coummunities having extremism views, therefore the media may also be exacerbating the sectarian tension by only publicizing examples of prejudice.[74]. The sect is believed to have been founded by Ibn Nusayr during the 9th century, and fully established as a religion, For this reason, Alawites are sometimes called Nusayris (Arabic: نصيرية‎ Nuṣayrīyyah), although the term has come to be used as a pejorative in the modern era. the two largest religions in the world: Christianity and Islam, plus Judaism) originated in the Middle East. [75] This is a mix of republicanism and religion where that would use religion to rule for elective and democratic institutions; it was to be a blend of liberalism and religious injunctions (abs). Israel's population is 75.3% Jewish, with the remainder made up of Muslims (20.6%), Christians, Druze, Baháʼí and various other minorities (4.1%). Communism, to some extent, did it. List of religious populations in The Middle East and North Africa. Most of the people in the Middle East practice Islam. Islam is the most widely followed religion in the Middle East. Understanding how these religions play a role in the day-to-day lives of Middle Eastern people is helpful. Globalisation, urbanisation, migration, technological development, etc. [58] They revere Adam, Abel, Seth, Enosh and Noah. Yazidi. [60] Most live in Iraq but also 70,000 in Syria. One of them is … There are currently several million Christian foreign workers in the Gulf area, mostly from the Philippines, India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Religion in Yemen is represented by a majority of Islam (including Sunni and Shiite), small numbers of Jewish, Baháʼí, Christian, and Hindu. 90% of the population in the Middle East practice Islam. [49] Alevis have some links with Twelver Shia Islam (such as importance of the Ahl al-Bayt, the day of Ashura, the Mourning of Muharram, commemorating Karbala), but do not follow taqlid towards a Marja' "source of emulation". Currently, as the new government of Egypt is trying to establish itself, many are concerned that a member of the Muslim Brotherhood will again step in and claim leadership. In the modern era, … There are many religions throughout the world. Lebanon has a confessional political system in which, regardless of political parties, the President is always Maronite Christian, the Prime Minister a Sunni Muslim, and the Speaker of the Parliament a Shi’ite Muslim, and the Deputy Prime Minister Greek Orthodox Christian. Before 1980, private religious education was banned and then it was changed to be required. Palestinian maps draw Jerusalem as divided and Israeli maps show it as a part of Israeli territory. recent questions recent answers. In the Middle East, Zoroastrianism is found in central Iran. Today, Alawites represent 11 percent of the Syrian population and are a significant minority in Turkey and northern Lebanon. First, the first religion found in this region, Judaism. by Oren Kessler. Developing from Isma'ilite teachings, Druze incorporates Jewish, Christian, Gnostic, Neoplatonic and Iranian elements.[56]. All three have a tie to Jerusalem as a Holy City. Although these two sects agree on the fundamentals of Islam and the teachings of the Quran, they are in conflict about who would lead the Muslim community after Muhammad's death. The prophet and founder of Islam was Muhammad, who lived from 570 to 632 in what is today Saudi Arabia. Many of them are Hindu. Some other sources claim that the Armenians number around half a million, with their largest community in Iran with 200,000 - 300,000 members. Alawites also live in Syria's major cities, and are estimated at about 12 percent of the country's population[43][44][45] (2.6 million, out of a total population of 22 million). Answer this question. [72] Originally a militarily secularized government, under the relatively new president Erdogan, religious freedom for Muslims has become much more accessible in Turkey. There are between 60,000 and 70,000 Mandaeans worldwide[57] and in the Middle East they are found in Iraq and Iran. (met NL ondertiteling)", http://www1.cbs.gov.il/reader/?MIval=cw_usr_view_SHTML&ID=705, "WIN-Gallup International 'Religiosity and Atheism Index' reveals atheists are a small minority in the early years of 21st century", "Egypt's atheists number 866 – precisely", "Conversions From Islam in Europe and Beyond", "Hindu temples of Gulf countries: more exist than you imagined", "Religion Statistics - Top 10 Organized Religions", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_the_Middle_East&oldid=991675039, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 07:18. More Armenian communities reside in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and to lesser degree in other Middle Eastern countries such as Iraq and Israel. Also, the Army General has to be Christian and the Bank Governor has to be always Christian as well. [78] Sunni Islamists, though, present a larger threat to the government because of their large Saudi Arabian population. The Shabak have much in common with the Yazidis. Middle East's Muslim population accounts for roughly 20% of the world's Muslim population. Although Buddhism has had a presence in the Middle East for over 1000 years, it has recently[when?] However, Ahmadis are considered by the majority of Musl… The Armenian Genocide during and after World War I drastically reduced the once sizeable Armenian population. The Baháʼí Faith has noteworthy representation in Iran, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Palestine, Israel, and Turkey. [72] It is illegal to practice any other religion than Islam in Saudi Arabia. The smaller, religiously unaffiliated population is forecast to grow 56%, from about 2 million to more than 3 million. Resurrection. They are all monotheistic religions. However, Arab … Many of these Buddhists are workers who have migrated from other parts of Asia to the Middle East in the last 20 years,[when?] Author and historian Faisal Devji notes that although Saudi Arabia punishes unbelief with death, 5% of those surveyed identified themselves as atheists (a slightly higher percentage than did in the United States) and 19 percent did not consider themselves religious. [70], Sikhism, the fifth-largest organized religion in the world after Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism, having over 25 million Sikhs worldwide, has a small presence in the Middle East too, mainly in the U.A.E, Oman, Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iran. many from countries and regions that have large Buddhist populations, such as China, Vietnam, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan. [39] Unlike many other Shia, Zaidis dismiss religious dissimulation (taqiyya).[40]. [1] Smaller minority religions, such as the Baháʼí Faith, Druze, Alawites, Manichaeism, Sabianism, Bábism, Yazidism, Mandaeism, Gnosticism, Yarsanism, Samaritanism, Shabakism, Ishikism, Ali-Illahism, Alevism, Yazdânism and Zoroastrianism are also present in the Middle East. According to Christians, the son of God whose life and teachings provide the basis for the Christian religion. However 18% of those surveyed in the Arab world identified themselves as "not a religious person" (Iraq 9%, Saudi Arabia 19%, West Bank and Gaza 29%, Tunisia 22%),[67] a higher percentage than in Africa, Latin America, or South Asia. The previous laws disallowing the Hijab, religious headscarf, in schools and public places has been a huge source of contention. What religion is dominant in the Middle East?? The list will grow as time allows. 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