2 Thessalonians 1:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power, Rev 22 Imagine if the wicked are resurrected with physical bodies and then judged. Also His plan is to have all men be saved (Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. 1:10, 21–22) and that God shall be “all in all” (1 Cor. We aren’t talking about the first guy or two post-Paul. I’m not saying that this view is the correct one, btw. 15:28 it would seem that the early church offered baptism for the dead in some lost ritual, the idea soon became that the dead were not only without hope, but doomed. for they have rejected the instruction of the Lord of hosts…” (Isa. In fact, he reasons; if a man who knows not God does what is evil, yet still suffers the consequences of his actions (which is death), how much more will a man be punished if he does evil in spite of knowing God? ( they arent allowed in the city ? Yes. For example, “unquenchable fire” simply means a fire that can’t be put out. We are talking about the first 5 centuries after Christ. But the godless and those who have not turned wholly to God will be punished in fire equally unending, and they shall have from the very nature of this fire, divine as it were, a supply of incorruptibility (“Apology” 44:12–13), Therefore after this there is neither death nor repeated resurrections, but we shall be the same that we are now, and still unchanged–the servants of God, ever with God, clothed upon with the proper substance of eternity; but the profane, and all who are not true worshippers of God, in like manner shall be consigned to the punishment of everlasting fire–that fire which, from its very nature indeed, directly ministers to their incorruptibility. – outer darkness Matt 8:12, 22:13, 25:30 and Jude 1:13 But once they are punished and destroyed, it is forever. The Early Church Fathers, with very few exceptions, agree with the teaching of the Bible in the way they describe Hell: 1. After twenty trillion trillion years of torment, the damned are no closer to completing their dire sentence than they were their first moment of horror. The same can be said for universalism, the idea that all people will ultimately be reconciled to God and eternally saved (which, I admit, seems to me to have been more widespread than conditionalism overall). In contrast, the earliest creeds of the church were more generic in their teaching on final judgment and allowed for either traditionalism or annihilationism. And Paul teaches that the quest for riches can plunge people into “ruin and destruction” (1 Tim. 66:24, cf. Can you clarify any of this? Lk. Yes. 1.The NT refers physical death as “sleep” ( do a search and read the context), 2.There is a spiritual death/life that is a “relationship” not a profession but a relationship (read the chapter and meditate on it – it is a good one), John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, Sin separates a person from God and other people. May I point out there is vast difference between “eternal existence” and “eternal life” ? 100:5; 103:9; 106:1; 107:1; Ps 118;1-4, 29; 136:10-26). So too, it seems impossible to accept that the wicked will “be no more” and even be “as though they never were” if they shall be existing in eternal torment. It is not something we are born with. Complete annihilation of evil was rejected as heretical by the fifth century. Also I’m Methodist, but really nondenominational. Tertullian’s text is a little trickier to navigate. And again, “…transgressors shall be altogether destroyed” (Ps. 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For the first few centuries of new covenant church history, most who wrote on hell simply employed biblical language. early history of annihilationistic theories Some confusion has arisen, in tracing the history of the annihilationist theories, from confounding with them enunciations by the earlier Church Fathers of the essential Christian doctrine that the soul is not self-existent, but owes, as its existence, so its continuance in being, to the will of God. SCHOOLS USER LOGIN. If these passages are read in context, it becomes clear that the fire is unquenchable in the sense that it cannot be put out before it consumes those thrown into it. ( Log Out / It doesn’t necessarily mean a fire that burns for all eternity. The wicked are “destroyed forever” (Ps 92:7), but they are not forever being destroyed. I’ve done alot of research into this topic and I believe I’ve come up with a view that reconciles annihilationism and the doctrine of eternal torment. 4:4; 7:20; 21:12; Ezek. He became a Christian and was a powerful and influential apologist for the faith, writing prolifically in defense of the doctrines of orthodoxy: These have further set before us the proofs He has given of His majesty in judgments by floods and fires, the rules appointed by Him for securing His favor, as well as the retribution in store for the ignoring, forsaking and keeping them, as being about at the end of all to adjudge His worshippers to everlasting life, and the wicked to the doom of fire at once without ending and without break, raising up again all the dead from the beginning, reforming and renewing them with the object of awarding either recompense. The Bible is pretty clear that the fire of God is for refinement. We are talking about the first 5 centuries after Christ. Neither new earth or the eventual place called gehenna (generally what people think of when they hear “hell”) are were people go immediately after death, since these come about with the second coming. and her soil into sulfur; 5:13; 7:3, 6; 20:21; Ps. It rather seems that this teaching often has the opposite effect. ( Log Out / However, how many of those persons, bushes, etc… are even DAMAGED by the flame? 69:28, cf. Stott’s belief in annihilationism ran contrary to the beliefs of the Anglican Church … Tertullian proposes that the fire itself will give immortality to the otherwise mortal souls. Would we call a human being good or merciful – or anything other than cruel — who retaliated on his foes with this sort of unmitigated, insatiable vengeance? ( wild verse…. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. There is Hades and the Lake of Fire (20:14-15). Their physical bodies are destroyed by unquenchable fire (keep in mind that unquenchable simply means that no one is able to put the fire out). how much more if a man corrupt by evil reaching the faith of God. 1:28, 30–31). Early church---yep Justin Martyr, Polycarp, and Ignatious are all earlier than Augustine. Is this view really compatible with a God whose heart was expressed in Jesus’ dying prayer, “Father, forgive them, they know not what they do” (Lk 23:34)? The wicked are sometimes depicted as being “consumed” by fire (Heb 6:8, 10:7; Jude 7, cf. For example, in Isaiah 34 we read: “8 For the Lord has a day of vengeance, This is not, however, the case with annihilationism. Peter teaches that “destruction” awaits false, greedy teachers (2 Pet. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and “some to shame and everlasting contempt”. Hell is a place of judgment for those who have rejected God and denied Jesus as their Savior Daniel, for example, speaks of all who shall be crushed by the rock of God’s judgment as being “broken.” They become “like the chaff of the summer threshing floor” blown away by the wind “so that not a trace of them [can] be found” (Dan. It was birthed in the post-Enlightenment era (17th -18th centuries) when secular minded scholars began to…, Here is an excellent post by my good friend Roger Olson in which he makes the case that Open Theism should be embraced by Arminians as an orthodox, if somewhat non-traditional, form of their faith. So too, Paul teaches that “the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life” (Rom. 4. Here is one ( there are more) If no one in two thousand years of church history has taught a doctrine, it is almost certainly incorrect. The teaching that the wicked will be completely destroyed is even stronger in the New Testament. That is, there is no one word that is translated into the English word "hell." Then over the first three centuries the Gentile converts grew in number until they were the vast and overwhelming majority. First of note, the word "hell" is not in the Bible. Check out Rev 19: “and them that worshipped his image. That is, you must believe that God will somehow keep the mortal humans alive forever, so that they can experience conscious unending torture. “…as the tongue of fire devours the stubble, A interesting read is on the second death which end in the the lake of fire (“Christian” or non – whoa – this one can be bit uncomfortable for “Christians” – so much for eternal security) : Reven 2:11 (Church in Smyrna) 3:7). Wintery, perhaps you could outline why you believe that the eternal conscious torment understanding of hell is correct? This is particularly true of the phrase “forever and ever” since similar phrases are used elsewhere in Scripture in contexts where they clearly cannot literally mean “unending” (e.g. This became the dominant view of hell throughout Church history. So what are some of the examples you have in mind when you describe the “vast majority.” It’s not something you can now dismiss, having made this claim that portrays people who hold my view so poorly. Early Christian Evidence Against Annihilationism (these quotations taken from the Ante-Nicene Fathers set published by Hendrickson are meant to show how the Biblical evidence was interpreted in the early days of Christianity) Barnabas [c. 70-130 A.D.]—”The way of darkness is crooked, and it is full of cursing. Conversely, the Lord’s rescue of Lot sets a pattern for how the Lord will “rescue the godly from trial” (2 Pet. However, I believe that annihilationism is the most consistent with the teachings of both the Old and New Testaments, as well as of the beliefs of the early Church. The belief in Annihilationism has appeared throughout Christian history, but has always been in the minority. I will leave this up for you to decide. “Everlasting Punishment” means a punishment that lasts for all of eternity, which annihilationism teaches, etc. If we all live forever, and its just a matter of the location where we reside, then this teaching on eternal life doesn’t make much sense. In fact, one of the constant refrains that we hear from traditionalists is that the new Testament doesn’t say what the early Church Fathers said, and therefore we should not interpret the New Testament writers to be annihilationists! ANNIHILATIONISM meaning - ANNIHILATIONISM pronunciation - A ... the Church of England's Doctrine Commission reported in 1995 that "ell is not eternal torment", ... some early church … What I’ve found is that the more the church in Rome stole the rights of Christians everywhere to discern scriptural truth, the more things (like unquestioned immortality of the soul) that smack of Roman culture tend to find their way into the non-canon church writings. Finally, we must remember the repeated teaching of the Old Testament that while God’s anger endures for a moment, his love endures forever (Ps. This view is very common and you might even be nodding your head in agreement with that description. Larry V. Crutchfield, "The Apostle John and Asia Minor as a source of premillennialism in the early Church Fathers," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 31.4 (Dec. 1988): 411-427. pdf : Brian E. Daley, The Hope of the Early Church: Eschatology in the Patristic Age. 16:19–31; Rom. 8 Many have asserted that the rise of immortal-soulism has its roots in the influence of … Topics: End Times, In this and the next several blogs that I’ll be writing, I’d like to respond to views of Tony Campolo on several topics related to Christians and politics. Whereas the redeemed would live in the new universe (the new heavens and new earth) with resurrection bodies that never died or grew old. What did the early Church Fathers have to say about the doctrine of eternal punishment? But see, this is precisely the problem. If that is the case then I can see where a case could be made that the wicked are resurrected in a physical resurrection, judged, and then their bodies are destroyed in the lake of fire that will destroy all matter in this Universe. And because the fire is ‘godly’, it’s incorruptibility will somehow ‘rub off’ on the clearly mortal humans. 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